Cannabis Grows New Brain Cells - RxLeaf
Top

Cannabis Grows New Brain Cells

Christine Kielhorn PHD

Cannabis assists the endocannabinoid system in supporting the process of neurogenesis.

Neurogenesis (growing new brain cells), in adults, is critical to learning, mood regulation and maintaining brain health; the endocannabinoid system plays an active role in this process. Interestingly, many psychiatric disorders, like depression and schizophrenia, are accompanied by impaired neurogenesis.

Young Woman with Aura Schizophrenia

The brain begins the neurogenesis process immediately following injury. It does so by increasing its proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs). In this way, the brain attempts to heal the injury and prevent further damage.

MRI showing stroke damage on brain

What Role Does the Endocannabinoid System Play in Neurogenesis?

The endocannabinoid system is the body’s own system of cannabinoid molecules and cannabinoid receptors that are predominantly found in the brain and throughout the immune system, although these receptors are also found throughout the organs and tissues of your body.  When the brain is injured, as in a stroke or force related traumatic injury, the endocannabinoid system ramps up production of endocannabinoid molecules and receptors. Scientists believe this is evidence that the endocannabinoid system is involved in neural regeneration.

Young GIrl Being Assesses by Doc for Concussion

In animal studies, the participation of the endocannabinoid system in neurogenesis has been confirmed. In an animal model of brain injury, mice bred to lack cannabinoid receptor CB1 or mice with the activity of the CB1 receptor blocked, had reduced neurogenesis. In in vitro studies on neural cells, growth and division of NPCs were inhibited when the activity of the CB1 and CB2 receptors were blocked.

Baby Albino Rat staring into camera

Cannabidiol (CBD) has been shown to increase neurogenesis in animals. For example, one study on an animal model of chronic stress found that CBD could undo the reduced neurogenesis and the anxiety. Animal studies have also shown that neurogenesis only occurs after long term administration of cannabinoids, so it doesn’t have an immediate effect.

CBD Oil and Bud

Further evidence for the role of the endocannabinoid system in neurogenesis was found by looking more closely at the brain. High levels of CB1 and CB2 receptors were found in the part of the brain that is known to be responsible for containing NPCs and promoting neuron growth and differentiation, the subventricular zone (SVZ). The two kinds of diacylglycerol lipases (DAGLs), enzymes that help synthesize the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), were also found in this part of the brain. Their presence also points to an active role of the endocannabinoid system in neurogenesis.

Brain Image

The mechanism seems to involve both cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. A variety of protein signalling cascades have been found to result in neural regeneration in both animals and brain cells studied in vitro. These signaling pathways, once activated by cannabinoid molecules binding to the cannabinoid receptors, first encourage NPCs to grow and divide, a process called proliferation.

After the population of NPCs has grown, they then begin to migrate to different parts of the brain and undergo a transformation into the type of brain cell that is needed. This is called differentiation, and it is also mediated by cannabinoids. After differentiation, cannabinoid receptors remain on the cells and are thought to play a part in the signalling pathways that decide whether the cell should continue to live or should undergo programmed cell death, or cell maintenance.

However, the practical use of cannabis for encouraging neural regeneration is going to be limited by the psychoactive side effects of activating the CB1 receptor by THC. Some researchers are examining other ways of manipulating the endocannabinoid system to encourage neurogenesis by administering drugs that prevent endocannabinoids from being broken down in the brain. This would increase the numbers of endocannabinoids present in the brain and exert proliferative effects while limiting any undesirable psychoactive effects.

AvatarAvatar
Christine Kielhorn
5 Comments
  • AvatarAvatar
    Lewis Abele

    Looks like I’ll have to make myself a lab rat with CBD strains. Brain surgery in 2006 to remove a tumor, I’ve dealt with seizures and memory issues ever since. I’d love to never have side effects from drugs ever again.

    March 14, 2018 at 3:02 am Reply
    • AvatarAvatar
      Lisa Siegel

      Brain surgery in 2014 to remove tumor. Also memory loss and siezures
      Did CBD work for you?

      March 24, 2019 at 3:28 pm Reply
  • AvatarAvatar
    Doug R

    I had about 2 48 or so hour migraines a week after being bitten by a tick. I lost a lot of long term memory like account numbers… Wish my job didn’t require a CDL and random drug tests cause I sure could use some of those cannabinoids.

    January 22, 2019 at 11:04 pm Reply
  • AvatarAvatar
    mel crump

    TBI in 63, had anger, memory problems among many other complications, tried marijuana in 73, and it changed my life. I am now a semi normal functioning human being, able to interact with others successively most of the time.

    March 20, 2019 at 3:38 pm Reply
  • AvatarAvatar
    s.karpoowit

    OK , If you have these issues and are tired of the Meds. try the CBDs oils or vap if you are a smoker. Try them even if you don’t have major problems.This treatment may not be for everyone, or even help some. But I say you should try it and see. I have and , I think they are Great. I did not get HIGH from it , I felt a relief of joint pain and muscle pain, and relief of the anxiety these issues caused . I am 67yrs. old and I don’t take any Meds. except aspirin at times for pain.

    April 2, 2019 at 10:50 am Reply

Post a Comment