How To Make Your Own Cannabis Topicals
Cannabis topicals may be all you need to treat minor aches and pains or skin inflammation
Practically every dispensary today carries cannabis topicals, things like lotions, balms, and salves. With so many options now available, why would someone make their own?
Patients may want to make their own cannabis topicals for a few reasons. Sensitive patients may need the assurance of certain ingredients. Other patients may possess a particularly effective cannabis plant with unique qualities. Still others may discover their local shop ran out of their most trustworthy topical brand, and desperate times call for DIY measures.
Whatever the reason, making cannabis topicals is a relatively straightforward and easy process. Whether it’s a lotion, a balm, or a salve, all homemade cannabis topicals begin with a simple base.
How to Make the Base Salve
You can make as much or as little salve as needed. The recipe below lists approximations so feel free to tweak the values.
- ¼ cup grated beeswax
- 1 cup coconut oil or olive oil
- ¼ oz. cannabis flower
- Baking sheet
- Saucepan or double boiler
To make a thicker balm, try 1 cup grated beeswax for every cup of coconut oil. Beeswax also improves the shelf life of cannabis topicals.
Decarb the Cannabis
Before anything else, first activate the cannabinoids in the buds through decarboxylation, otherwise known as “heating.”
- Preheat oven to 120°C (250°F).
- Break up cannabis buds (do not grind). Separate any stems or seeds. (If you have seeds, complain to your supplier.)
- Place broken up buds on baking sheet, then transfer to the oven for 30 minutes.
- The time provided is a rough estimate. Just ensure the buds turn a light golden brown and feel dry before completing the decarboxylation step.
Infuse the Oil
- Add oil to the saucepan or double boiler.
- Melt the coconut oil at the lowest heat setting available, or simply keep the heat low if using olive oil.
- Add decarboxylated cannabis to the oil.
- Stir for 20 to 25 minutes on low heat.
It’s important to keep the heat low during the oil infusion steps. Too much heat will burn the cannabis and fry the good stuff, like cannabinoids and terpenes.
Customize Cannabis Topicals for Your Needs
You can also customize the salve by adding powdered herbs during the infusion process. Plantain, comfrey, arnica, thyme, and calendula can facilitate healing for wounds and skin conditions.
Other herbs may transform the topical’s immediate sensation properties. To create a cooling salve, try eucalyptus, peppermint, lavender, hibiscus, lemon, or rosemary. To create a warming salve, try clove, ginger, myrrh, cinnamon, black pepper, or cayenne pepper. (And be conservative if you go with the peppers… remember, we’re making salves here, not mace.)
Or try various combinations of the above.
Mix Everything Together
- Strain the oil and cannabis through a cheesecloth into a jar.
- Discard the cannabis. (Trust me, you don’t want to smoke it.)
- Optionally, add some vitamin E as a preservative.
And voila! You’re done! Let the mixture cool, and it’s ready to tackle any swelling, itching, or aching with a thin application across the skin.
As yet another option, essential oils can also be added to the topical mixture much like powdered herbs. Because essential oils are typically loaded with terpenes – which can be heat sensitive – it’s best to add them as the mixture cools rather than while being heated.
Experiment, Experiment, Experiment….
Just as every cannabis patient is different, so too will this recipe differ according to personal preferences. If the salve feels too thin or oily, use less oil or more beeswax. If the salve feels too thick, use more oil or less beeswax. Different oils (avocado, arnica, St. John’s wort, etc.) may produce different consistencies, so experimentation will ultimately produce the best results.
For more advanced topical crafters, consider butters like shea butter or cocoa butter to diversify textures, enhance aromas, or just to beef up the topical’s healing properties.
Once you’ve got the topical made, be sure to check out RxLeaf’s guide on how to properly apply topicals.